In November 2022, Karandaaz Pakistan held a webinar to launch its latest study on the potential of climate-smart, affordable housing in Pakistan. Industry leaders and other key stakeholders came together to discuss the housing needs in Pakistan and the impact green initiatives can have in meeting the needs of low-income groups who are most vulnerable to the impact of climate change.
Since its independence, there has been no shortage of foreign assistance in Pakistan, frequently and irrevocably tied to foreign advice and “conditions”. Reforms to mobilize and shore up its coffers in a sustainable manner have failed to achieve the desired outcomes leading to Debt to GDP trailing greater than 50 per cent over the last two decades and exceeding 70 per cent many times during recent years. Pakistan has a crippling and long-running debt problem.
According to the Federal Bureau of Revenue (FBR) database, only about a fourth of the tax collections in the country come through direct taxes. The majority—historically, 60-70% of taxes are indirect taxes—mainly sales tax and customs duties.
The Karandaaz Financial Inclusion Survey (K-FIS) 2022 reports a remarkable increase in the levels of financial inclusion in Pakistan. According to the survey, 30% of Pakistani adults are estimated to be financially included, which is a significant increase from previous years.
Pakistan has long struggled with low levels of financial inclusion, with only a small fraction of the population having access to formal financial services. According to the World Bank’s Global Findex, for 2021, just 21% of adults in Pakistan are