According to the Federal Bureau of Revenue (FBR) database, only about a fourth of the tax collections in the country come through direct taxes. The majority—historically, 60-70% of taxes are indirect taxes—mainly sales tax and customs duties.
The Karandaaz Financial Inclusion Survey (K-FIS) 2022 reports a remarkable increase in the levels of financial inclusion in Pakistan. According to the survey, 30% of Pakistani adults are estimated to be financially included, which is a significant increase from previous years.
Pakistan has long struggled with low levels of financial inclusion, with only a small fraction of the population having access to formal financial services. According to the World Bank’s Global Findex, for 2021, just 21% of adults in Pakistan are
The Licensing and Regulatory Framework for Digital Banks unveiled by the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) in January 2022 not only heralds a firm resolution by the central bank to shake up Pakistan’s banking industry
Over the years a number of policy measures have been designed and implemented to improve the proportion of financially included Pakistanis and expand the uptake of formal financial services. However, from the demand side perspective data reveals that there is